AbstractThe aims of the present study was to investigate if food components, as represented by a multi-component nutritional drink for tube feeding, could affect tablet disintegration of standard tablets in vitro as well as in vivo and propose a mechanism for potential food effects on tablet disintegration. The tablet disintegration was delayed between 5 min and more than 1 h in the simulated gastric fed medium compared to a simple buffer. This effect was dependent on the tablet composition. A similar delay in tablet disintegration was also found in vivo after administration of the nutritional drink to three Labradors as observed by removing the tablet from the stomach at different times through a gastric fistula. The delay in tablet disintegration appeared to be caused by precipitation of a film, mainly consisting of protein, on the tablet surface as indicated by disintegration studies with pure nutrients, identification by IR spectroscopy of contents of precipitates obtained in a model study were the nutrients were incubated with different tablet excipients and visual observations of tablets exposed to the simulated fed medium. The drug dissolution of a soluble compound, metoprolol tartrate, from a standard tablet was also strongly delayed in the simulated fed medium. In conclusion, food, could significantly delay tablet disintegration and drug dissolution in the stomach by formation of a film around the tablets. This effect could be monitored by a simple in vitro disintegration test using a test medium based on a nutritional drink. More studies are needed to investigate the significance of the slow tablet disintegrations on bioavailability and for which types of food the present effect occurs.
Author Keywords: Immediate release; Metoprolol; Excipients