Friday, September 25, 2009
Routine analysis of ascorbic acid in citrus juice using capillary electrophoresis
A procedure to monitor citrus juice samples was established to quantitate vitamin C by capillary electrophoresis using a previously developed method. Dilution and filtration were the only preparation requirements and separation was achieved with an uncoated capillary using a 35mM sodium borate buffer (pH 9.3) containing 5% (v/v) acetonitrile at 21 kV and 23 degrees C. Detection was performed by high speed scanning between 200 and 360 nm. From the multiwave length scan, the electropherogram at 270 nm was extracted and used to quantitate ascorbic acid. The ascorbic acid concentration was calculated with an internal standard method, with ferulic acid as internal standard. The level of ascorbic acid during analysis was stabilized with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and dithiothreitol was used to reduce dehydroascorbic acid to ascorbic acid to estimate the total vitamin C level. Results were similar to those obtained by liquid chromatography and the method is now used to determine routinely the level of ascorbic acid in citrus juices.